BringYourOwnBag Delaware

FAQs By the Numbers

1,000,000,000,000 plastic bags used worldwide each year

102,000,000,000 plastic bags used in the U.S. each year

1,000 - # of plastic bags not used when just one reusable bag is used instead


500 - the number of bags used by the average American each year

14 - # of plastic bags manufactured from the same amount of petroleum a car uses to drive a mile

2 - rank of plastic bags found on Delaware's annual Coastal Cleanup Day (cigarette butts #1)

1 - the # of people it takes to make a difference

FAQs relating to policy addressing plastic bag pollution


PROVEN BENEFITS:

  • After implementation of fee-based laws in Washington, D.C. and Ireland, the use of plastic shopping bags dropped 65-90%
  • Delaware’s local governments would save taxpayer dollars on unnecessary costs associated with stormwater system clogs and cleanouts as well as litter cleanups caused by plastic bags
  • Materials Recycling Facilities likewise would reduce daily delays and costs due to plastic bags which clog up material sorting equipment on a regular basis
  • Retailers would partly recoup costs associated with complying with the current law especially with the drop in market value of plastic and film, benefit from added income from plastic and paper bag sales, and elimination of rebates for reusable bags


STATE FACTS:

  • Although many other countries, as well as U.S. counties and cities have taken similar action, Delaware could be the First State.  State level action would avoid a mish mash of varying local laws which are more difficult for businesses to manage as evidenced by the experience in California
  • A statewide approach levels the playing field for both retailers and consumers
  • With no plastic bag manufacturing plants in Delaware, no jobs would be lost
  • After cigarette butts, plastic bags are the second most common type of trash found each year during coastal cleanups.  In 2014’s one-day Coastal Cleanup, 2,777 plastic bags were picked up along Delaware’s 95 miles of coastline
  • The production and transportation of plastic bags represents an unsustainable and wasteful use of non-renewable resources and unnecessarily contributes more pollution and toxins to our environment.  An estimated 12 million barrels of oil (or natural gas equivalent) is used to make the 14 billion plastic bags Americans use each year, plus transportation and disposal costs
  • Countless fugitive plastic bags end up as litter strewn across our roadsides, parks, forests, rivers and coastlines, and clogging our storm water management systems resulting in hidden cleanup and health costs


ANIMALS:

  • Single use plastic carryout bags have significant impacts on marine animals including fatalities of turtles, dolphins, birds and whales[i]
  • “Disposable” bags also harm domestic animals as fugitive bags end up being ingested in hay, grains, and pastures leading to colic and injury/death


HEALTH:

  • Plastic bags don't biodegrade, they photodegrade—breaking down into smaller and smaller toxic bits contaminating soil and waterways and entering into the food chain where animals and, ultimately, humans ingest those materials
  • A recent study in California and Indonesia found 28% of the fish and shellfish in markers contained plastic particles or “man-made” fiber in their guts
  • The life cycle of plastic bags threatens public health. Plastic bags do not biodegrade in the marine environment.  Instead, they photo-degrade (break down from exposure to sunlight), oxidize and physically break down from wave action.  This creates increasingly smaller particles of plastic which absorb pollutants from surrounding water.[ii]
  • Plastic particles concentrate metals, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and persistent organic pollutants, including PCBs flame retardants.  Small plastic particles in the ocean have contained concentrations of PCBs more than 1,000,000 times greater than the surrounding water.  When eaten by marine species, especially plankton, these pollutants enter the marine food web. The bioaccumulation of toxics in marine predators and commercially valuable species has far-reaching effects on human health.[iii]
  • In addition to the secondary health impacts of plastic bags that contaminate seafood, the manufacturing to production to disposing of these bags causes many health problems from respiratory illness to carcinogens.  As a large proportion of plastic bag manufacture in the U.S. relies on hydraulically-fractured natural gas, plastic bag use is linked to the environmental impacts of fracking.[iv] Due to a loophole in the 2005 Energy Policy Act, fracking is currently exempt from numerous environmental protection laws, including the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, National Environmental Policy Act, Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act, and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. 


GENERAL:

  • Only about 7-9% of plastic bags are ever recycled or reused – the other 90%+ end up in the landfill at best, and in our communities, forests, watersheds and marine environments at worst.
  • Plastic bags were only invented in 1977 – a relatively recent and reversible – bad habit
  • An estimated 380 billion plastic bags or wraps are thrown away in the U.S. each year with an estimated 17 cents per bag in estimated cleanup and disposal costs, wasting millions of tax dollars
  • There’s no such thing as free!  When retailers give away “free” bags, their costs are passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices – and the cost of cleanup is also passed on to taxpayers. It is actually more fair to only charge those consumers who take bags from retailers, so the costs of bags are not borne by those who do not need them or choose to use reusable bags
  • Retailers testified before the Senate Natural Resources committee in 2015 that they prefer a statewide solution rather than myriad local ordinances as the latter would be difficult for retailers to track and manage across the state. Also, retailers are concerned that small coverage areas might encourage shoppers to take their business elsewhere, outside of the local ordinance area to other retailers not covered under such ordinances  
  • House Bill 15 from 2009 (Rep. Valerie Longhurst), the current law in effect regarding plastic bag recycling sunsets in December 2017, a deadline purposefully set to encourage the State to take the next, more meaningful, step in addressing these concerns.


[i] Researchers have commonly found plastic bags in the digestive tracts of dead sea turtles.   [Source: See N. Mrosovsky et al., Leatherback Turtles: The Menace of Plastic, 58 MARINE POLLUTION BULL. 287, 287-88 (2009) (noting that 37.2% of Leatherback turtle necropsies from 1968 to 2009 showed plastic in their stomachs, and plastic bags were the most commonly found item).

[ii] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2011; O'Brine and Thompson, 2010.

[iii] Andrady, 2011; Betts, 2008; Cole et al., 2011; Derriak, 2002; Moore et al., 2001; Moore, 2008; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2011; United Nations Environment Programme, 2009; Zarfl and Matthies, 2010.

[iv] True, 2012. 

DELAWARE PLASTIC POLLUTION ACTION COALITION